Go Back  PPRuNe Forums > Misc. Forums > Aviation History and Nostalgia
Reload this Page >

The Night 57 Squadron lost a Canberra

Aviation History and Nostalgia Whether working in aviation, retired, wannabee or just plain fascinated this forum welcomes all with a love of flight.

The Night 57 Squadron lost a Canberra

Old 10th Dec 2008, 22:30
  #1 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Smile The Night 57 Squadron lost a Canberra

On the morning of Tuesday 15th October 1957 the SATCO drew up to the tower just as the Land Rover left to check the airfield. He had just sat down to his coffee when he had a disturbing message from the Land Rover and phoned the Chiefy on the 57 Squadron line and asked if they had lost a Canberra. The chiefy looked out of the window and saw no gaps in the line and said he didn't think so.
A few minutes later the SATCO called again and asked doesn't Canberra XH204 belong to your lot. The Chiefly guardedly agreed that it may belong to them. The SATCO smoothly pointed out that the self-same aeroplane was at the far end of the airfield bogged down in the grass off the peri-track with both engines running.
When 57 Sqdn staff went down to inspect and recover the Canberra B (I)8 they found the door open and a suit-case in the cockpit. It appeared that the suitcase belonged to J/T John Seville, an Electrical Fitter.
Does anyone remember this incident and the fantastic adventures of John?
I mean, did this start a trend for ground crew to borrow a kite to nip home to the UK for the weekend if they were homesick?
I do know most of the prior and subsequent events but does anyone else have any recollections of this startling event?
ColinB is offline  
Old 10th Dec 2008, 23:28
  #2 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Sep 2000
Location: Over there, behind that tree.
Posts: 581
Nice story, but mostly a crew-room tale in my opinion.

But you don't mention the airfield. You relate - "The chiefy looked out of the window and saw no gaps in the line and said he didn't think so." If this was the case, and 57 were involved it would have been at Conningsby and the Canberra would have been a B.2.

Now 59 Sqn had B(I)8s, including XH204 (this frame's first sqn), and they were at RAFG Bruggen in 1957 (or Gutersloh, mis-remember which) when first issued with the 'side-saddle' Canberras (moving to Geilenkirchen in Nov 1957 - eventually became 3 Sqn in 61).

So . . . did someone get the sqn wrong during subsequent telling? And surely someone at ATC would have noticed an errant Canberra landing during the night.

But re-reading your post, the impression is that the SATCO was on a Canberra station and they had 'found' a spare Canberra in the rough at the end of their runway and assumed it was one of theirs . . . .nah, don't think so.


Incidentally, XH204 was the subject of a rather famous incident. On 9th May 1967 XH204 crashed near Wesel, Germany. It was being flown by Ron Ledwidge and his nav Jack Stewart when its aileron controls jammed. Both Ron and Jack got out safely. Ron was awarded the Air Force Cross for his airmanship that day. This is a remarkable story, an example of true airmaship on Ron's part.


Last edited by Beeayeate; 10th Dec 2008 at 23:39.
Beeayeate is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 09:47
  #3 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
There None So Blind As Those Who Cannot See

It was at Gutersloh where 57 Sqdn was stationed along with 79 Sqdn flying Swifts. Ray Hannah was on 79 and the Group Captain was called MacFarlane.
You have misunderstood, there was no question of the Canberra being bogged down after a landing, it was bogged down because someone had been trying to take off in it.
I have no knowledge of the subsequent fate of XH203 and accept your version but I do know where it was on 15th October 1957. I was there.
I would have thought the provision of the name of the Squadron, the type and serial number of the aircraft, the precise date of the incident may have caused you to check it out.
This was a famous event widely reported in the press I am surprised you are unaware of it perhaps you were over there behind that tree.
You may be interested to know that the RAF believed enough of this crew-room tale to Court Martial John on 11th February 1958 before sending him for a stay in Uxbridge.
ColinB is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 10:21
  #4 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Jul 2004
Location: Cloud 9
Posts: 2,878
The S.A.T.C.O. is the boss of ATC, a Squadron Leader in my day, don't recall ever seeing a S.A.T.C.O. doing a night shift
Phileas Fogg is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 11:35
  #5 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Please Read

It starts "On the morning of Tuesday----" so he wouldn't be on night shift.
However, if it was the SATCOs 2 i/c or even the 2 i/c's deputy it does not appear to be of any relevance.
ColinB is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 13:16
  #6 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Sep 2000
Location: Over there, behind that tree.
Posts: 581
It was at Gutersloh where 57 Sqdn was stationed along with . . .
Once again, 57 Sqn with Canberras were UK based only - from May 53 to Dec 57 at Conningsby, Cotty, Honington and back to Conningsby. No Germany tour at all!
I have no knowledge of the subsequent fate of XH203 and accept your version but I do know where it was on 15th October 1957. I was there.
XH203 was diverted off build contract and went the the Indian Air Force. I guess you mean XH204.
I would have thought the provision of the name of the Squadron, the type and serial number of the aircraft, the precise date of the incident may have caused you to check it out.
You have provided the wrong sqn number (in two posts) and a suspect serial number. The precise date is accepted of course and I'm sure your recall of the event is somewhat correct, but you may get a better response if your surrounding facts are right. The sqn would have been (if anything) 59 Sqn. I asked about this incident of a couple of ex-59ers I know but they couldn't recall the story. Mind you it was before their time on the sqn ('59-'61).


.
Beeayeate is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 19:53
  #7 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
In Response to Further Barracking

Quote from 59 Squadron History “So its final period of life began on 1 September 1956 when No 102 Squadron at Gutersloh was re-numbered No 59. It was now equipped with the Canberra in the Interdictor role, initially B Mk 2s, but from April 1957 it began to receive the dedicated interdictor Version B (I) Mk 8. The Squadron moved to Geilenkirchen in November 1957 where it remained until it was renumbered No 3 Squadron on 4th January 1961”
So you are correct to state that I numbered the Squadron incorrectly, it was a typo.
The aircraft number was however correct, you can see a picture of the aircraft and its’ pedigree on the attached link
CANBERRA - B(I)8 GALLERY 2
It pains me to ask but could you not have said I think it was 59 not 57 and left it at that.
So, here we are, we have established that I made a typo but there was a Canberra B (I) Mk8 numbered XH204 at Gutersloh at the correct time assigned to 59 Squadron which is good because that’s the aircraft that was removed.
My object in the writing the original thread was that it would be one of a chain of three telling a fascinating story. I intended to do a prequel detailing why this incident took place and a postlude detailing the international manhunt, the return to the fold and the surprising finale.
I thought it would be a refreshing change from Johnners and Jumbo getting drunk in some famous drinking den on Lone Rangers, worthy and necessary as their efforts were..
If you don’t know the story you will probably be amused.
ColinB is offline  
Old 11th Dec 2008, 23:37
  #8 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Sep 2000
Location: Over there, behind that tree.
Posts: 581
It pains me to ask but could you not have said I think it was 59 not 57 and left it at that.
Sounds reasonable. Go ahead with your story.












By the way, the url you give points to my Canberra Tribute website.

Beeayeate is offline  
Old 12th Dec 2008, 14:48
  #9 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Smile The Night 59 Sqadron Lost a Canberra-Part 2

In October 1957 Fingers was 20 years and one month old. He had gained the nickname Fingers at Melksham on his Fitters Course when he pressed the wrong button and discharged an aircraft battery with a loud bang.
He had recently purchased from a local scrap yard some second hand tyres for his car and had subsequently been interviewed and questioned by both the RAF SIB and the German Polizei on the provenance of these tyres and they had impounded his car.
The next Saturday he removed his car from the compound on camp with spare keys and went to a local dance. When he left much later he found that someone, reportedly from the car parked next to his, had let his tyres down. As the tyres were the same size as his, he and his companion jacked up and removed the wheels and replaced the deflated ones on his own car. He put his own wheels in his open boot; all of this was to the cheers and encouragement of the local Germans.
The world seemed to be his oyster until he ran out of petrol on the main road a few miles short of the camp and the German police stopped to check it out. Well, here was a car supposedly impounded and subject to an investigation about stolen tyres on the public highway with a boot full of wheels. Not good news.
Over the next couple of days Fingers considered his situation not only with the police of two nations but also his current problems with his girlfriend and decided drastic problems merited drastic solutions and he decided he would borrow a Canberra.
His master plan included taking off from Gutersloh, flying to Dishforth in Yorkshire, landing on the North/South runway parallel to the to the A1, taxiing to the boundary fence and jumping over it to hitch a lift to North of Manchester where his family lived. It should be piece of cake really he had a key for Canberras and had studied the Pilot Notes.
In the early morning of 15th October 1957 he went out, taking with him a suitcase and small pack, onto the airfield to the 59 Sqdn line and removed all of the covers and external attachments of Canberra XH204. He set up all of the necessary switches to start up on internals, did not arm the ejection seat and at 6:30 pm when Reveille sounded he threw the master battery switch thereby masking the noise of start up.
When the canopy had de-misted and the engines settled at 2700 revs he released the parking brake and started to move forward. He immediately found difficulty in steering with the engines and toe brakes but was making good progress until approaching Runway 09 when the combination of a slight slope and a curve in the track caused him to swing onto the grass and bogging down. Now panic set in and he thought there would be a hue and cry so he decided to abandon the aircraft and run to the boundary fence which he scaled and a German on a moped gave him a lift to Herzebrock Station.
He did not need to hurry because it was almost 2 hours after start up before the missing Canberra was discovered by the Control Tower and 59 Squadron initially denied they had lost it.
When they entered the Canberra cockpit and discovered the suitcase, the police quickly put two and two together and decided the documents in the case may lead to the identity of the tyro aviator.
These events led to a major investigation with more snowdrops on the ground than at Kew in January
This was the beginning of a bizarre and at times python-esque series of events with a surprising ending.
ColinB is offline  
Old 12th Dec 2008, 19:53
  #10 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Apr 2006
Location: London
Posts: 110
Well, you've got my attention and I'm waiting for the rest of the story! Certainly beats anything from my days...
possel is offline  
Old 13th Dec 2008, 10:30
  #11 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Smile The Night 59 Squadron Lost a Canberra-Part 3

During this period AVM Ubee the AOC of 2 Group made an indiscreet and probably miss-quoted reply to a question from the press concerning the capabilities of the Canberra bombers recently stationed in Germany to deliver nuclear devices.
This in the context of the recently completed WWII, where tens of millions of people had been killed or injured by the Russians and Germans was political dynamite. This was at the height of the Cold War when there was a possibility of escalation into WWIII.
It was also in the context of the UK testing of thermo-nuclear devices in the Pacific. Many fellow airmen were returning from Megaton Tours with suntans and loud Hawaiian shirts.
So when one of these nuclear-capable aircraft came close to being removed from a first line military airfield (this was the closest active station to the Eastern Block) it was a major incident. The first thing to be established was if the perpetrator had a political motivation or had there been some financial incentive. Where was he now? Was he going to appear at a press conference in East Berlin with an adoring blonde ballerina on his arm stating his disaffection with the basing of nuclear weapons in Germany?
A major investigation began at RAF Gutersloh with Tannoy messages asking for anyone with information about or knowledge of the whereabouts of John to contact their Officer i/c immediately.
A large number of interviews were conducted by strange men with large feet, blazers and bad haircuts. The interviewees were told that they would soon get him, checks had been instituted on all road, rail, air and sea exits from the area.
The organisers of the activity at Gutersloh were F/Lt O/Niell and F/Sgt Clitheroe from the SIB in Sundern.
We left John in the Herzebrock area on the morning of 15th October where he caught a train to Bielefeld and another one from there to Düsseldorf (it passed through Gutersloh station). In Düsseldorf he went to the BEA office and bought a services rate single ticket on a Viscount to Heathrow using his 1250 ID.
On arrival in the UK he went on the shuttle to London and booked in the Union Jack Club overnight before going by train to Manchester and booking into digs.
John loved the RAF and loved his job in it and it was always his intention to re-join it when he returned to the UK. To achieve this he visited the Manchester Recruiting Office and filled in the forms but was told he needed a National Insurance Number. The local Labour Exchange gave him his old number but were puzzled that he had not been called up for National Service. He went back to the Recruitment Centre to take tests but felt nervous and moved over the Pennines to Leeds where he went to the Recruitment Office there and again applied to join the RAF as a regular. He was told it would take a week or so before he would be called for tests etc.
Money was now running low so he hitch-hiked to RAF Dishforth showed his 1250 told the Cpl in the guardroom there that he was on leave from Germany visiting his brother and could he stay in the transit block. He was issued with bedding and was happy until he found a note on his bed asking him to report to the RAF Police Office. He then moved on to Topcliffe and went through the same routine until he learnt that there was a letter and warrant in the Leeds Recruiting Office instructing him to report to Cardington on 20th November.
At Cardington he reported that he had some knowledge of electrics and Canberra systems and was sent to Melksham in civilian clothes for a trade assessment.
The result of all of this and much more detail was that on 28th November 1957 the absconded 4168649 J/T Neville J. was now the newly recruited 4235478 J/T Neville J. He from that point on kept his 1250s taped together with the most recent one on top.
After the issuing of kit and the necessary jabs John was collected together with a group of other new recruits and sent on 3rd December to RAF Wilmslow for square-bashing again.
There is still to come the arrest, trial and really surprising aftermath.
ColinB is offline  
Old 13th Dec 2008, 19:49
  #12 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
The Night 59 Squadron Lost Canberra XH204-Trial and Redemption

John had a heavy cold when he arrived at Wilmslow and a few days going through the mindless routines of square-bashing convinced him that he should return to Gutersloh and face the music, get it out of the way and get on with his life. His current quality of life was pretty dreadful.
So on the evening of 6th November he packed some belongings and jumped over the fence to catch a 31 bus into central Manchester.
He found out that the next sailing date for Germany from Harwich was on the evening of Monday 9th November and on that date he reported with his 1250 to the ticket office at Manchester station and reported he had lost the return half of his ticket to RAF Gutersloh. He was issued with a ticket to London and advised to report to the RTO at Liverpool St for further ticketing to Germany. He told the same story at Liverpool St and was issued with a ticket to Harwich and advised to contact the RTO there.
In Harwich when he reported to the Sergeant in the RTO office he showed his 1250 and repeated his story. He was asked to wait and the Sergeant left the room with his 1250. The Sergeant returned with a Corporal, a Flying Officer and two RAF police He was asked “Are you 4168649 Junior Technician John Neville or are you 4235478 Junior Technician John Neville?”. He replied “Yes,yes”. He was arrested and escorted onto the ship to the Hook of Holland.
At the Hook he was met by F/Sgt Clitheroe and Sgt Hockey from the SIB at Sundern and driven back to Gutersloh where he was housed in the Detention Block (D Block) opposite the guardroom by the main gate along with two other prisoners.
He was in the next few days interviewed by F/Lt O’Niell and F/Sgt Clitheroe from the SIB in Sundern and he made a full statement 12 pages in length.
John was marched to the Mess each day to be fed and I well remember the cheering which took place. He was something of a folk hero especially amongst the National Serviceman. He also intermittently appeared in the NAAFI on some evenings apparently unescorted. He was bought many beers by the homesick and disaffected.
In this period his other kit was moved to D block along with the tools from his car, he now had two sets of uniforms with him.
The Court Martial was convened on 11th February and he was convicted and his services were no longer required. The findings were confirmed and he was transferred for a holiday at RAF Uxbridge which lasted with time deducted for that being served in D Block at Gutersloh until May 1958. He was on leaving paid a cheque for the time he was away from Gutersloh.
There were two really surprising things at the end of this affair, firstly that the evening trips to the NAAFI during his time in D Block were unaccompanied because they used his car tools deposited there to cut through the bars of a cell. This allowed the residents to go out in the evenings. This comfortable arrangement could have continued but the other two went out on the town and were discovered missing which caused search parties to be raised but they returned by taxi and demanded their beds back.
The major surprise was to find out that John had replied to a newspaper advertisement by English Electric of Preston for ex-RAF technicians to work on Canberra aircraft on RAF stations in the UK in their “out-working” teams. He was interviewed in late May and accepted for employment but could not start until September because he was under 21 years of age.
His first job in September 1958 was at RAF Upwood and for the next three years he worked on many other stations on both Canberras and Lightnings. He was accommodated in the Sgts Mess. He met many people he had known in the RAF. They must have been surprised to see him.

Last edited by ColinB; 14th Dec 2008 at 09:30.
ColinB is offline  
Old 1st Jan 2009, 11:30
  #13 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
An interesting link

Find attached a link which was sent to me with pictures of the Canberra in question.

Spotting Group Gütersloh - Der Flugplatz von 1937 bis heute | No 59 Squadron
ColinB is offline  
Old 3rd Jan 2009, 11:41
  #14 (permalink)  

FX Guru
 
Join Date: Feb 2001
Location: Greenwich
Age: 62
Posts: 900
What a terrific tale!!

I love the way he gave them the run around!
angels is offline  
Old 3rd Jan 2009, 19:29
  #15 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: London, New York, Paris, Moscow.
Posts: 3,633
Rock on!

4168649 Junior Technician John Neville or are you 4235478 Junior Technician John Neville

Makes mine and other excursions to the USAF SGTs Mess (or whatever they called it then) at Alconbury re 1979 under the auspices of SAC (work it out for yourselves) quite tame really LOL!

Them were the days, just don't get caught!
glad rag is offline  
Old 9th Jan 2009, 09:46
  #16 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Mar 2000
Location: England
Posts: 492
Thumbs up

Thanks for sharing, ColinB. Great tale!
Ewan Whosearmy is offline  
Old 10th Jan 2009, 19:56
  #17 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Smile The nIght 59 Sqdn lost a Canberra-Reflections

I lived through the periphery of the bizarre and at times fantastic events previously described and had forgotten about them until recently. When I now look back 50 years I see that they should be placed in context.
Before WWII my grandfather was a miner and did his patriotic duty in raising 12 children to replace the losses of WWI. They lived through the Depression Years and their lot in life was for the boys to go down the pits and the girls to go into service. The girls worked 6½ days a week for £1 a month all found.
In the war years my Grandmother and her daughters went to work in the munitions factory at Thorp Arch. They were well paid, respected and their services were valued; none of the family ever went into service again.
In the immediate post war years the Education and Health Acts were enabled and children were guaranteed further education if they could pass exams.
As a result of this we were, in the 1950s, the first generation with the opportunity to become upwardly mobile. This did not mean that we had cars, flats, a lot of money or many clothes. Most of us lived at home; our social life was the pub, the dance and local sports.
Girls were always of interest but they just did not permit sexual activity unless there was a deep commitment. The best you could hope for with decent girls was a tentative fondle of the breast OUTSIDE the twin set whilst having tea and cakes in the front room (with the door left open) and listening to Songs for Swinging Lovers.
The pubs closed at 10:30 pm and then you went home.You did not normally leave your own town except for seaside holidays and shopping trips to the big city.
To get out of this loop it was possible to join the forces and get an independent life with overseas travel and trade training. A number of us took this option mainly to get some experience of life.
In Germany the war had only been over for 10 years when we began to re-arm them as part of NATO and we based bombers capable of dropping atomic bombs from German bases. The Russians were not happy and the Cold War was at its height.
There was also a shortage of young men and a surfeit of young women in Germany.
When a number of us who joined the forces for adventure were posted to 2 TAF we were not enthusiastic, we yearned for tropical climes and dusky maidens.
What we found was a place where we had duty free liquors and cigarettes, second hand cars cheaply available, cheap petrol subsidised by the West German Government, a fixed exchange rate of 12DM for £1=0=6, local girls who were ready willing and able (and we were glamorous figures, even the woolly uniform was admired). There was little or no supervision, if you did your job competently you were left alone.
If you were on a Squadron and wished to be respected you were expected to hold your drink and boast of servicing your share of ladies. Most of the people in positions of power had seen war-time active service and had an intolerant edge.
So here we were, teen-age warriors, servicing aircraft and enthusiastically pursuing wine, women and song in the evenings.
On 79 Sqdn the nose covers of their Swifts when laid out on the grass made excellent sleeping bags for the hung-over airmen. Profitable weekend runs with supplies of duty-free cigarettes and condoms were made to Enschede in Holland. In the early part of the week, when money was low, you could chase hares along country lanes and knock them over for a reward of 5DM in the local pubs who would sometimes allow you credit until payday
There was a collection for a German girl who did the bottle trick in the Malcolm Club at Christmas. Drunken driving was the rule rather than the exception (I knew of one person whose young wife was killed in an accident in the early hours of the morning). Women were regularly taken back to the barrack blocks. If you had dangerous tyres you went to a scrap yard in Gutersloh and ordered some “second hand” ones which arrived a couple of days later. The Avtag from defective drop tanks was siphoned into cans and put into cars; it worked at the right mix. The “redded” petrol for visiting piston aircraft was regularly removed and the figures adjusted on the next re-fuelling. The RAF Police went out drinking with us and legends were built by the antics of the aircrew on escape and evasion exercises
So when someone tried to nick a Canberra to solve a short-term problem it was a surprise but not really earth-shattering. The subsequent events were reported with glee and John became a folk hero especially for the National Servicemen who felt the government was stealing two years of their lives.
In this context John had run into a problem which snow-balled and he did not really have anyone to turn to.
I believe a major cause was poor supervision of the immature by the WWII veterans who encouraged laddish behaviour.
It may interest you to know that when John left English Electric he worked for various companies and managed to purchase his first aircraft. This led to him becoming a commercial pilot, a profession he continues to pursue with 12,000 hours flown. His two sons are also commercial pilots.
For me they were truly golden days, a magic and unrepeatable part of my life.

Last edited by ColinB; 10th Jan 2009 at 22:59.
ColinB is offline  
Old 10th Jan 2009, 21:34
  #18 (permalink)  
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Bedale, North Yorkshire
Age: 64
Posts: 1,054
Ah. but did he log his Canberra hours in his logbook correctly?

taxydual is offline  
Old 13th Jan 2009, 11:38
  #19 (permalink)  
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Lixwm,Flintshire
Posts: 257
Smile Swift Justice?

Quote from Swift Justice by Nigel Walpole pages175-176
“Before 59 (Canberra) Squadron left Gutersloh in November 1957, a junior technician reputedly on the run from the civilian police decided that there was nothing to this flying business and that he would return to the UK in a Canberra. He knew how to get into and start up the aircraft and bluffed the night guards into helping him to prepare and position the aircraft for an early morning sortie. He then managed to taxi it to the end of runway 09 before slipping off the perimeter track into the mud, where it was found during the early morning airfield inspection, empty but with its engines still running. Exactly what this aspiring aviator had in mind and how long he remained at large after escaping across the fields is not clear, but it was certainly fortunate that he did not get airborne in the direction of the married quarters and the town of Gutersloh. Ian Waller believes that he rejoined the RAF under an assumed name and, after retraining, was on his way back to Germany when he surrendered at the Hook of Holland on hearing that his posting was to Gutersloh”
I have just bought the book on the internet. I was amused by the aptness of the title.
ColinB is offline  
Old 21st Jul 2009, 10:45
  #20 (permalink)  
Silly Old Git
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: saiba spes
Posts: 3,728
Laddish behaviour indeed.

Ripper yarn, thank you Colin

Read like John le Carre fleshing out an enigmatic character for one of his cold war novels.
tinpis is offline  

Thread Tools
Search this Thread

Contact Us Archive Advertising Cookie Policy Privacy Statement Terms of Service

Copyright © 2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. All rights reserved. Use of this site indicates your consent to the Terms of Use.