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Biannual Flight Review in the UK

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Biannual Flight Review in the UK

Old 16th Oct 2014, 03:29
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Biennial Flight Review in the UK

Can anyone advise if there is a requirement for a biennial flight review for private helicopter pilots in the UK? If so, and the pilot also flies fixed wing, does the pilot have to do a separate biennial review in the fixed wing aircraft?

Last edited by Dick Smith; 16th Oct 2014 at 04:01.
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 03:37
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Biannual. I don't think that word means what you think it means.
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 10:08
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Don't know about the fixed wing but I have a sneaking suspicion it's the same as rotary and that is an annual Proficiency Check with an authorised examiner.

LZ
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 11:13
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Biannual Flight Review in the UK

Oooooh no the old Biannual (some say Biennial) question!!!! There was a long thread here on PPRuNe regarding 'does biannual mean twice per year or every second two years?'
Who knows? BUT private pilots have to have a review (or if too low on hours in previous 12 months a test) every Two years.
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 13:39
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In Europe, helicopters are heavily type-oriented, so each helicopter you fly is held on your licence as a different type rating (broadly speaking - there is the odd exception). Each year you must revalidate the type ratings you hold:
FCL.740.H Revalidation of type ratings – helicopter
(a) Revalidation. For revalidation of type ratings for helicopters, the applicant shall:
(1) pass a proficiency check in accordance with Appendix 9 to Part-FCL in the
relevant type of helicopter or an FSTD representing that type within the
3 months immediately preceding the expiry date of the rating; and
(2) complete at least 2 hours as a pilot of the relevant helicopter type within the validity period of the rating. The duration of the proficiency check may be
counted towards the 2 hours.
(3) When applicants hold more than 1 type rating for single-engine piston
helicopters, they may achieve revalidation of all the relevant type ratings by
completing the proficiency check in only 1 of the relevant types held, provided that they have completed at least 2 hours of flight time as PIC on the other types during the validity period.
The proficiency check shall be performed each time on a different type.
(4) When applicants hold more than 1 type rating for single-engine turbine
helicopters with a maximum certificated take-off mass up to 3175 kg, they
may achieve revalidation of all the relevant type ratings by completing the
proficiency check in only 1 of the relevant types held, provided that they have completed:
(i) 300 hours as PIC on helicopters;
(ii) 15 hours on each of the types held; and
(iii) at least 2 hours of PIC flight time on each of the other types during the
validity period.
The proficiency check shall be performed each time on a different type.
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 13:55
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Oxford Dictionary

Usage

Biennial and biannual are often confused. Biennial means ‘occurring every two years’ ( the biennial Ryder Cup tournament), while biannual means ‘twice a year’ ( the solstice is a biannual event). See also bi- (usage).
P1
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 16:59
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Can anyone advise if there is a requirement for a biennial flight review for private helicopter pilots in the UK?
Depends upon which license you wish to exercise the privileges of. If FAA then 14 CFR 61.56 applies, in which case yes:

Sec. 61.56

Flight review.

(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (f) of this section, a flight review consists of a minimum of 1 hour of flight training and 1 hour of ground training. The review must include:

(1) A review of the current general operating and flight rules of part 91 of this chapter; and
(2) A review of those maneuvers and procedures that, at the discretion of the person giving the review, are necessary for the pilot to demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate.


(b) Glider pilots may substitute a minimum of three instructional flights in a glider, each of which includes a flight to traffic pattern altitude, in lieu of the 1 hour of flight training required in paragraph (a) of this section.
(c) Except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), and (g) of this section, no person may act as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, since the beginning of the 24th calendar month before the month in which that pilot acts as pilot in command, that person has--


(1) Accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by an authorized instructor; and
(2) A logbook endorsed from an authorized instructor who gave the review certifying that the person has satisfactorily completed the review.


(d) A person who has, within the period specified in paragraph (c) of this section, passed any of the following need not accomplish the flight review required by this section:

(1) A pilot proficiency check or practical test conducted by an examiner, an approved pilot check airman, or a U.S. Armed Force, for a pilot certificate, rating, or operating privilege.
(2) A practical test conducted by an examiner for the issuance of a flight instructor certificate, an additional rating on a flight instructor certificate, renewal of a flight instructor certificate, or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate.


(e) A person who has, within the period specified in paragraph (c) of this section, satisfactorily accomplished one or more phases of an FAA-sponsored pilot proficiency award program need not accomplish the flight review required by this section.
(f) A person who holds a flight instructor certificate and who has, within the period specified in paragraph (c) of this section, satisfactorily completed a renewal of a flight instructor certificate under the provisions in Sec. 61.197 need not accomplish the one hour of ground training specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(g) A student pilot need not accomplish the flight review required by this section provided the student pilot is undergoing training for a certificate and has a current solo flight endorsement as required under Sec. 61.87 of this part.

(h) The requirements of this section may be accomplished in combination with the requirements of Sec. 61.57 and other applicable recent experience requirements at the discretion of the authorized instructor conducting the flight review.

(i) A flight simulator or flight training device may be used to meet the flight review requirements of this section subject to the following conditions:


(1) The flight simulator or flight training device must be used in accordance with an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.
(2) Unless the flight review is undertaken in a flight simulator that is approved for landings, the applicant must meet the takeoff and landing requirements of Sec. 61.57(a) or Sec. 61.57(b) of this part.

(3) The flight simulator or flight training device used must represent an aircraft or set of aircraft for which the pilot is rated.



Amdt. 61-131; Eff. 11/15/2013
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Old 16th Oct 2014, 20:42
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BFR

No longer called BFR now FR, the US are encouraging people now to join the Wings Program

WINGS - Pilot Proficiency Program

The objective of the WINGS Program is to address the primary accident causal factors that continue to plague the general aviation community. By focusing on this objective, we hope to reduce the number of accidents we see each year for the same causes. As you will see, it is not a simple “Award” program but is instead a true proficiency program, designed to help improve our skills and knowledge as pilots.

The WINGS - Pilot Proficiency Program is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.

You select (in your Airman Profile) the category and class of aircraft in which you wish to receive training and in which you wish to demonstrate your flight proficiency. Requirements for each aircraft category and class include specific subjects and flight maneuvers. To ensure you receive a well-rounded learning experience, only certain flight activities fulfill specific credit requirements. More information about how these subject areas are selected is available on your MY WINGS page.

The program encourages an on-going training program that provides you an opportunity to fly on a regular basis with an authorized flight instructor. The program is most effective if the training is accomplished regularly throughout the year, thus affording you the opportunity to fly in different seasons and in different flight conditions.

Reviewing and refreshing your knowledge is just as important as actual flying. To meet this goal, we provide you many opportunities to complete online courses, attend seminars and other events, and participate in webinars. Many 3rd party activities, such as those offered by AOPA, ASA, Sporty’s, Gleim Publications, and others, qualify for WINGS credit and will indicate such credit on their web site.

In almost all cases, arrangements have been made with the FAASTeam to automatically provide WINGS credit after the activity. However, please allow at least 24 hours before inquiring about WINGS credits. Remember, if you have questions about a course or activity, check with the provider. If you have a question about the WINGS Program, contact [email protected]

Note that completion of any Phase of WINGS satisfies the requirement for a flight review. So not only will you complete a review of the most common weak areas that have led others to the accident site, but you end up with a flight review, as well!

In addition, we have two excellent resources to help you navigate the WINGS Program: the FAA Advisory Circular on the WINGS – Pilot Proficiency Program, AC61-91J, available by clicking here, and a WINGS User’s Guide, available by clicking here. Pilots - WINGS - Pilot Proficiency Program - FAA - FAASTeam - FAASafety.gov

You can still do an FR but it is trying to get people to fly regularly to keep their Airmanship and skills more current.
Regards
Tim
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Old 17th Oct 2014, 08:49
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In the UK if you have an EASA PPL(H) you have to do an annual LPC (licence proficiency check) with an examiner. If you fly on an LAPL(H) there is no requirement for this, but you do need always to have done 1 hour with an instructor in the last rolling year. Fixed wing is the same but 2 years instead of 1.
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Old 17th Oct 2014, 09:58
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What is an LAPL(H) ? And the one hour with an instructor- is it specified what flying you actually have to do with the instructor
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Old 17th Oct 2014, 17:50
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LAPL(H) is a new EASA licence that allows day VFR in Europe. Max 2000 kg and no more than 4 people on board. Has rolling validity which requires 5 hours plus at least 1 hour with instructor in last 12 months. Provided you maintain that, there is no requirement for an annual LPC. Content of instructor hour is not specified. I have been flying on one since they first came available. It does not require a Class 2 medical but a lower grade medical which can be done by your own GP and lasts 2 years instead of one for us old wrinklies.
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Old 17th Oct 2014, 18:08
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Can I fly an N-reg helicopter in the UK with an LAPL(H)?
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Old 17th Oct 2014, 18:34
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I think it only covers EASA helicopters registered in the EU
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Old 18th Oct 2014, 10:21
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With this LAPL(H) do you have to do it on all the types you are rated on?
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Old 21st Oct 2014, 09:34
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Can I fly an N-reg helicopter in the UK with an LAPL(H)?
That will depend whether the FAA will accept the LAPL as a 'current pilot licence' in accordance with §61.3 as the licence does not comply with ICAO Annex 1. It will certainly not be accepted for issue of a licence under §61.75.
With this LAPL(H) do you have to do it on all the types you are rated on?
There are no type ratings on an LAPL(H); instead, the validity of the licence is based on a minimum recent experience:

FCL.140.H LAPL(H) — Recency requirements

(a) Holders of an LAPL(H) shall only exercise the privileges of their licence on a specific type when they have completed on helicopters of that type in the last 12 months:
(1) at least 6 hours of flight time as PIC, including 6 take-offs, approaches and landings; and
(2) refresher training of at least 1 hour total flight time with an instructor.

(b) Holders of an LAPL(H) who do not comply with the requirements in (a) shall:
(1) pass a proficiency check with an examiner on the specific type before they resume the exercise of the privileges of their licence; or
(2) perform the additional flight time or take-offs and landings, flying dual or solo under the supervision of an instructor, in order to fulfil the requirements in (a).
Note the requirement is 6 hours PIC and not 5 as suggested above.
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Old 21st Oct 2014, 10:30
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There are no type ratings on an LAPL(H); instead, the validity of the licence is based on a minimum recent experience:
so if you have a lapl /h on say a robinson and there is no type ratings and you want to fly a jet ranger do you

do 6 hours pic [but no type rating ] ?
fly 1 hour in your new type with a instructor ?

???
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Old 21st Oct 2014, 19:54
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There is a different term used for LAPL licences
LAPL (H) – Extension of privileges to another type or variant of helicopter
(a) The privileges of an LAPL (H) shall be limited to the specific type and variant of helicopter in which the skill test was taken. This limitation may be removed when the pilot has completed:

a) 5 hours of flight instruction, including:
b) 15 dual take-offs, approaches and landings;
c) 15 supervised solo take-offs, approaches and landings;
d) a skill test to demonstrate an adequate level of practical skill in the new type.

During this skill test, the applicant shall also demonstrate to the examiner an adequate level of theoretical knowledge for the other type in the following subjects:

— Operational procedures,
— Flight performance and planning,
— Aircraft general knowledge.

For information relating to crediting of theoretical knowledge for the issue of a pilot’s licence in another category of aircraft, bridge instruction and examination
Hope that makes it clear
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