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Never heard of this before...

Old 9th Oct 2021, 12:16
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Join Date: Nov 2014
Location: Caribbean
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Never heard of this before...

Hi Guys, I'm looking at the CASA Part 61 Syllabus both PPL/CPL and on the Navigation section in point (F) there is a mention of 'RELATIVE HEADING'. What is that? I have searched and searched on line and there is NOTHING about it.

"2.1 Form of the earth
2.1.1 Describe:
(a) the shape and rotation of the earth;
(b) latitude, longitude;
(c) the difference between true and magnetic north;
(d) how distance and direction are measured and applied to navigation;
(e) magnetic variation and compass deviation;
(f) the relationship between magnetic heading, relative heading and magnetic bearing."

Any help is appreciated in explaining this mystery term.
Mutley Eugenius is offline  
Old 9th Oct 2021, 19:20
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Join Date: Nov 2006
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Two seconds on Google

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bearing_(angle)

"In nautical navigation the relative bearing of an object is the clockwise angle from the heading of the vessel to a straight line drawn from the observation station on the vessel to the object.

The relative bearing is measured with a pelorus or other optical and electronic aids to navigation such as a periscope, sonar system, and radar systems. Since World War II, relative bearings of such diverse point sources have been and are calibrated carefully to one another. The United States Navy operates a special range off Puerto Rico and another on the west coast to perform such systems integration. Relative bearings then serve as the baseline data for converting relative directional data into true bearings (N-S-E-W, relative to the Earth's true geography). By contrast, Compass bearings have a varying error factor at differing locations about the globe, and are less reliable than the compensated or true bearings.

The measurement of relative bearings of fixed landmarks and other navigational aids is useful for the navigator because this information can be used on the nautical chart together with simple geometrical techniques to aid in determining the position of the vessel and/or its speed, course, etc.

The measurement of relative bearings of other vessels and objects in movement is useful to the navigator in avoiding the danger of collision.
  • Example: The navigator on a ship observes a lighthouse when its relative bearing is 45 and again when it is 90. He now knows that the distance from the ship to the lighthouse is equal to the distance travelled by the vessel between both observations."
Chris2303 is offline  
Old 9th Oct 2021, 20:08
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Yeah, thanks Chris, I found that in two seconds too. That's not what I'm looking for. The term is RELATIVE HEADING.
Mutley Eugenius is offline  
Old 9th Oct 2021, 21:17
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Join Date: Jan 2007
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Whilst you're busy looking for that, maybe you can look for the GA PPRuNe forum where this thread should have been made.
das Uber Soldat is offline  
Old 9th Oct 2021, 23:36
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It seems like a mistaken term that should be True/Absolute Heading or Relative Bearing. A relative bearing from the aircraft could be considered a relative heading to an object I suppose when overlaid on a DG or such. It's just not a term used.
43Inches is offline  
Old 10th Oct 2021, 01:14
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Join Date: Oct 2000
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A valid question on a site where more experienced pilots might be able to help. My Flight Navigator Licence notes don't help either.
PW1830 is offline  
Old 10th Oct 2021, 02:02
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Someone in CASA suffering brain fade? Don't know if it's still the case but decades ago for a ATPL(H) you had to study pressurisation.
megan is offline  
Old 10th Oct 2021, 12:57
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you had to study pressurisation
and astro navigation.
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