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Boyington
3rd Dec 2016, 14:00
In G + B Hydraulic failure in A320 it is not required to extend L/G at 200kts if Slats are extended. Can someone please explain why so when slats are extended. Thanks.

Maxfli
3rd Dec 2016, 14:41
As I understand it, it relates to optimum pitch control which is better in Direct rather Alternate Law, under certain circumstances.

If you do not have slats extended (G+B lost) and have lost 1 elevator (left G lost) the book get you to select L/G down forcing you into Direct Law where the pitch control is better than in Alternate Law without Slats.

FCOM PRO-ABN-29

Extend the landing gear at 200 kt to revert sooner in direct law. This provides, below 200 kt , a better pitch control than in alternate law with one elevator lost and all slats lost.

I assume that pitch control with Slats extended is better than without Slats at 200kts so no need to force the aircraft into Direct Law yet.

Lantirn
3rd Dec 2016, 21:28
Sorry but where is written that when slats are extended you dont have to extend the gear at 200 knots?

Am I missing something here?

I can only refer to QRH dual Hyd!

aloa326
3rd Dec 2016, 21:41
FCOM is clear,

If slats are extended, the L/G grav ext will not appear, so there is no reason to extend it.

So you can but not required.

FlightDetent
3rd Dec 2016, 21:48
FCOM PRO-ABN-29: Q
1357

HolyMoley
3rd Dec 2016, 21:54
Who can explain why if slats are at 1, then ECAM says that approach speed is Vref + 10 and not + 25, but it does not mention this in the FCOM?

aloa326
3rd Dec 2016, 22:28
Because to determine the inflight landing distance, you have to use the matrix with the longest ref distance.
In this case is Direct law and dictates deltaVref is +10.

vilas
4th Dec 2016, 08:27
Although there is no direct answer I will try to explain it using available info and logic. With G+B fail you loose left elevator and slats. With only half elevator to create the required aerodynamic force it has to move double the amount it would move with both sides working. Besides being on one side of longitudinal axis it causes rotary motion like an aileron which needs to be resisted causing torsion on the fuselage. So elevator handling needs to be gentle and only to the required amount. In normal/alternate law fore and aft side stick movement is linear load factor demand which flight control computer gives by moving the elevator. So there is a possibility of elevator hitting the stops causing damage so the aircraft automatically restricts the maximum movement. At high speed because of V square it is not a problem but at lower speed a certain G demand may move the elevators to extremes. This also aggravates torsion. This can be prevented by inducing direct law and moving the stick/elevator to required amount and also being gentle. Harsh stick inputs cause false stall warnings which pilot doesn't know as false. Therefore first gear down at two hundred kts. Now why not with slats? Because to get slats you would be in normal law may be with single hydraulic failure and your speed would be closer towards S which is correct speed till now. So if double failure occurs now you are already there and can continue to flap2 and gear down(gravity extension) and flap3.

vilas
4th Dec 2016, 08:34
Holymoley
With slats 1 you only missing one step of slats as flaps are available. So why would it be Vref+25. FCOM directs you to slat/flam jam procedure which will give the delta Vref.

Goldenrivett
4th Dec 2016, 09:40
You have to ask yourself why is direct law required at 200 kts only when slats are retracted.
My ancient FCOM circa 2000 "G+B SYS LO PR Summary" recommended only lowering the gear when in Landing CONF and at VAPP even when the slats were retracted.

The significant change since 2003 was the introduction of A318 with a 6m shorter fuselage - hence shorter moment arm at the tail.

Probably the most difficult part of performing the G+B procedure is handling the aircraft whilst running the flaps from zero to F2 in one move at just below the F2 speed limit of 200 kts but above the "Stall Stall" warning. It is easy to trigger a momentary stall warning in the simulator by pulling some delta g as the flaps run out. In real life you would "feel" this delta g and respond instinctively by lowering the nose. There is no delta g sensation in the simulator so the pilot often lags behind the simulator and can unintentionally activate the stall warning.

Better pitch control is achieved in direct law with manual thrust and manual pitch trim - ask any Boeing pilot.

Lantirn
4th Dec 2016, 10:01
Didn't check the FCOM because in these failures usually I refer directly to the QRH, thanks by the way I wasn't aware of this.

I believe because slats when extended move the center of pressure forward, there is less effort of the remaining elevator.

vilas
4th Dec 2016, 11:52
Golden
Are you sure you are not talking about G+Y where you configure to landing conf? Even 2001 Instructor Support says following:
In the event of loss of G + B, the speed has to be increased to 200 kt during gravity extension to provide a good pitch control until stabilized.
The flight controls revert to direct law.
You cannot do this in conf3.

Goldenrivett
4th Dec 2016, 19:32
villas,
Are you sure you are not talking about G+Y where you configure to landing conf?

I'm very confident it was for G+B HYD Loss.
G+B.pdf (http://blackholes.org.uk/PP/G+B.pdf)

FlightDetent
4th Dec 2016, 22:10
"G+B SYS LO PR Summary" recommended only lowering the gear when in Landing CONF and at VAPP even when the slats were retracted. That's not what's on your picture. Irrelevant to the discussion about 200 kt L/G down, I know.

Lantirn
4th Dec 2016, 22:49
For standardization you fly 200 gear down. That's what I learned today!

vilas
5th Dec 2016, 03:20
When document clearly states to provide good pitch control it is not definitely not for standardisation. And it is there at least from year 2001. Standardise with what? The standard way of configuration is 1+2 GD and 3. There are only two exceptions G+Y fail where it is 1+2+3 then at Vapp GD and G+B where it is 200kts GD then 1+2+3.

Lantirn
5th Dec 2016, 16:33
They dont separate the case of slats extended or slats not extended in the QRH. If the QRH writes 200 I am gonna drop it at 200. No time delay for FCOM in a dyal HYD.

vilas
5th Dec 2016, 16:53
Lantirn
You are misunderstanding the FCOM. The ECAM which tells you lower gear at 200kts will not do so if slat is extended and you don't refer QRH unless ECAM is completed. So no standardisation is required.

FlightDetent
5th Dec 2016, 19:25
Lantrin, I see how you reached your conclusion. Vilas is correct, I still think.

The QRH is unhelpful. Vilas, imagine:
- with slats out and locked the STATUS has no mention whatsoever of the 200 kt = L/G DN procedure - it is not needed.
- after reviewing status you pull out the QRH summary to brief and later fly the approach
- only to find this:
1367.
without any condtions or reference to slat position!

Now, with slats out, if I actively did not respect that printed line "L/G dn at 200 kt", I can vividly see many a TRE looking very deeply into my eyes after a session.

Lantirn
5th Dec 2016, 21:23
The problem is that summaries are done with reference to QRH.

But i dont see any problem with this. I think airbus has QRH written like this on purpose.

Plus I am going to fly the approach with the QRH (not the ECAM), approach portion of summaries.

I dont have to do all the ECAM actions in sts page, there is a lot to do with the QRH and performance calciulations plus to run the decision model, before I drop the gear.

EcamSurprise
5th Dec 2016, 22:22
Even with slats out, if I did not respect that printed line "L/G dn at 200 kt", I can vividly see many a TRE looking very deeply in my eyes after a session.

Agree.

Plus I am going to fly the approach with the QRH (not the ECAM), approach portion of summaries.

Agree.

Unless you AND your colleague have this pervious knowledge that "if slats out, 200kts GD doesn't apply" then I would imagine you would more think the ECAM is wrong vs the QRH SUMMARY APPCH section.

End of the day, what is the safest, most cautious and most conservative method? I would say applying the 200kts / gear down to maximise controllability even if, perhaps, it is not strictly needed or demanded.

FlightDetent
5th Dec 2016, 23:23
then I would imagine you would more think the ECAM is wrong vs the QRH SUMMARY APPCH section. Well, not me - honestly. I would think "thank you QRH summaries for giving this advice which was not included in STATUS". The whole idea that the instruction is actively missing on STS on purpouse and thus ECAM and QRH are in disagreement would not dawn on me at all.

The next question would be, did Airbus omit the logical split slats/no slats by mistake(*) or for a reason?
* = and are we first to find out just yesterday, with 1000 A/C built? Somehow I do not think so.

EcamSurprise
5th Dec 2016, 23:33
Well, not me. I would think "thank you QRH summaries for giving this advice in which was not included in STATUS".

I'm in agreement. My post was meant to come across that if it was missing on the STS but published in the QRH, I would think many would pressure that the QRH is correct and the ECAM either was wrong or didn't state it by default.

vilas
6th Dec 2016, 05:58
It is an interesting journey this G+B failure. Starting with configuring all the way to Landing Conf then gear down, then asking to increase speed to 200kts if less and lowering gear before taking any flaps (instructor guide) and finally elimination of any guide lines in FCTM for G+B. Also not mentioning about slats in the SUMMARY. Something about the summaries. They are collection of all the required procedures in one place arranged in flight phases to avoid shuffling QRH pages from procedure to procedure. Summaries do not tell you anything extra but rather abbreviate procedures like slat/flap jam and gravity extension making one wonder why can't these elaborate procedures be short in the first place. They are not mandatory (that's what it said before) but saves time. STATUS review is part of approach briefing so if it mentioned something it is in order to consider that. Otherwise with slats extended you will be closer to S speed and you will have to increase speed to get 200kts. Since it is not required by STATUS why bother?

Mooneyboy
14th Dec 2016, 09:21
I know this thread hasn't been active for a bit but just a couple of points to clarify on this.

If you do have 1 stage of slats extended when you get double failure and you decide to fly the approach as per the QRH summary then: You ll roughly be 200kts depending on weight anyway and need to be in manual thrust. Gear down then F2 F3 and decelerate to VAPP. As you have some slat VREF +10 should be bugged as per the status and this relate to just above VLS once fully configured.

In terms of ldg district cal. G+B in QRH relates to no slats on landing and VREF +25. In reality with one stage slat looking at in flight slat/flap performance the ldg dist takes into account the increase in approach speed but not the loss of ground spoilers 5 3 and 1. Surely then your ldg dist is going to be increased over a purely vref +10 ldg distance?

Last if slats were at zero so classic G+B failure from clean would you not config athr off then F1 (I know it doesn't put any slat out but at least SRS avail in G/A mode) 200kts gear down F2 F3 then VAPP.

Any help much appreciated.

vilas
14th Dec 2016, 18:03
If you had G+B in clean configuration then yes ATHR off, speed 200 gear down and flaps 1, 2 and 3.

vilas
15th Dec 2016, 15:57
Boyington
If you are still around some information for you. All aircrafts do not display that line" If slat retracted". Following aircraft display that line:


Ident.: PRO-ABN-29-J-NG00934
Applicable to: MSN 0138-0148, 0249,0255, 0301, 0384-0400, 0557-0724
Ident.:PRO-ABN-29-J-00011634.0001001 / 16 NOV 11


Ident.: PRO-ABN-29-J-NG00934
Applicable to: MSN 0185, 0241, 0250, 0334-0335,0440-0497, 0758, 0943-1818
dent.:PRO-ABN-29-J-00011634.0001001 / 16 NOV 11


MSN below do not display that line:


Ident.: PRO-ABN-29-J-NG00934
Applicable to: MSN 0199-0240, 0264
Ident.:PRO-ABN-29-J-00011634.0001001 / 16 NOV 11


Ident.:PRO-ABN-29-J-NG00934
Applicable to: MSN 0932
Ident.:PRO-ABN-29-J-00011634.0001001 / 16 NOV 11

Mooneyboy
16th Dec 2016, 08:39
Thanks for that villas.

If in the example of having already selected flap 1 for approach and then lose both G+B then as discussed earlier in thread VREF+10 is displayed on the STS. Looking in the expanded FCOM proc for G+B below it only mentions Vref +25. The expanded notes says 'speed must be increased due to loss of spoilers AND ailerons'.

My concern with using the VREF+10 is yes in terms of spoilers you should be fine with this lower speed compared to G+B in clean config however with VREF+10 is this enough to take into account the loss of ailerons? What I wouldn't want to happen is get to the flare and find hardly any roll authority since only splr 2+4 available for roll coupled with the lower VREF+10.

vilas
16th Dec 2016, 12:27
Mooneyboy
Your concern is right. I think we were misled by the assumption that with Slat extended delta vref is Vref+10. There is no reason why would it ignore other effects of dual Hyd fail. With slat extended all that changes is you do not have to lower gear at 200kts. but rest of the STATUS remains applicable which says:


APPR SPD..................................................VREF +25 KT


Approach speed must be increased, due to the loss of
ailerons and slats.


LDG DIST PROC...................................................APPLY


and landing distance should be found from Dual Hyd Fail G+B and not from SLAT/FLAP procedure.