Does anyone know where I can find the reference for the following ATC holding clearance phraseology as I do not think it is correct: hold on the 180 radial in the Sothern quadrant? Is it ICAO? FAA? It is not used in the UK or Europe.
Never did hear the term quadrant, and one could argue that the 180 radial is the southern hemisphere (which I interpret as being south of the equator anyway), but did use to get a clearance to something like "hold southwest of the XXX vor on the 180 radial, left turns".
The british CAP413 RT manual describes the following phraseology:
Bigjet 347, hold at North Cross FL60 expect onward clearance at time 40 Hold at North Cross FL60, request holding instructions, Bigjet 347 Bigjet 347, hold at North Cross FL60, inbound track 260 degrees turns left outbound time 1 minute
The FAA AIM part 5-3-7 describes holding procedures and does include 1. Direction of holding from the fix in terms of the eight cardinal compass points (i.e., N, NE, E, SE, etc.). 2. Holding fix (the fix may be omitted if included at the beginning of the transmission as the clearance limit). 3. Radial, course, bearing, airway or route on which the aircraft is to hold. 4. Leg length in miles if DME or RNAV is to be used (leg length will be specified in minutes on pilot request or if the controller considers it necessary). 5. Direction of turn if left turns are to be made, the pilot requests, or the controller considers it necessary. 6. Time to expect further clearance and any pertinent additional delay information.
I cannot find a reference for this ATC phraseology and therefore think it is incorrect RT practice. As dreamland pointed out a quadrant is one quarter of a circle and therefore this clearance is assuming standard right hand turns, it is a very ambiguous clearance and IMHO should be given as “hold south east on the 180 radial right hand turns”
If the holding pattern is charted and the controller doesn't issue complete holding instructions, the pilot is expected to hold as depicted on the appropriate chart. When the pattern is charted, the controller may omit all holding instructions except the charted holding direction and the statement AS PUBLISHED; e.g., HOLD EAST AS PUBLISHED. Controllers shall always issue complete holding instructions when pilots request them.
......Direction of holding from the fix in terms of the eight cardinal compass points (i.e., N, NE, E, SE, etc.).
Thanks, BSD - so it appears that the 'quadrant' expression exists only in the mind of someone writing a tech manual for an a/c computer system, and if required, ATC should have issued a holding octant which would have had all the drivers reaching for Google on their I-Phones. We therefore vote this instruction as .....................
Bite - it wasn't issued by a very young sounding voice, was it?