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Dear Fellow Airplane Obsessors

Spectators Balcony (Spotters Corner) If you're not a professional pilot but want to discuss issues about the job, this is the best place to loiter. You won't be moved on by 'security' and there'll be plenty of experts to answer any questions.

Dear Fellow Airplane Obsessors

Old 21st Jan 2009, 13:13
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Dear Fellow Airplane Obsessors

Monthly Newsletter by Richard Aboulafia
16.01.2009 Richard Aboulafia

Dear Fellow Airplane Obsessors,

This is not another letter about Eclipse. Honestly. I have no desire to continue kicking that dead horse. Besides, it’s Christmas. Let’s play nice. But as I reflect back on Eclipse´s inevitable collapse, I’ve never seen a better example of the enormous rift between two kinds of aviation people. There are basically two groups. One loves planes and the culture of planes. Perhaps they are pilots, hobbyists, or engineers, a broad and ecumenical group. Let’s call them “romantics.” Then there are folks who have jobs like mine. This group, call them “analysts,” care about exactly one thing: return on investment. Neither group is right. In fact, there is no right or wrong. The two groups just see the world through different lenses.

The difference between the two groups explains a lot about where the industry has come from, and where it is headed. Romantics love new technology, new transportation options, national and regional prestige, and giving people jobs. If a plane looks like it will do any of these things, romantics want it to happen. Analysts, by contrast, don’t want to know about any of this. They only want to know if a plane will make money for the industrial and financial players in this business. The rest is anecdotal stuff, only interesting as a side benefit if it accompanies profitability.

The world is increasingly run by analysts, and by the dictates of the market. Analysts are there to provide needed discipline. Eclipse and DayJet, however, got off the ground largely because of romantics. The utopian vision of small high-tech jets transforming the world and taking people where they wanted to go produced record levels of support from romantics (for a superb view of this ideal, see James Fallows’ Free Flight: From Airline Hell To A New Age Of Travel). But in the end the analysts were right. As the two businesses failed they destroyed considerable value (around billion, but more if you look at the Eclipse suppliers that have to write off their investments). Jobs were lost. Lives were disrupted. If the romantics prevailed this unpleasant story would happen more often.

The A380 is an even better example. From a romantic’s perspective, this plane has it all — national pride, cool technology, grandeur, utopianism, even a delightful children’s book handed out at air shows. But there was no business case. In fact, Airbus never even provided a pro forma business case. Airbus, like the romantics, avoided all carnal knowledge with a P+L sheet. The consequences are painfully obvious. The A380 is something Airbus needs to recover from. The painful restructuring of Power8 is one result. Worse, thanks to heavy spending on the A380 the timetable for the far more important A350XWB is under serious pressure, which will only get worse in the coming jetliner deliveries downturn.

So…hooray for us analysts, right? Nope. Far from it. Analysts face an uncomfortable truth. Most of the great achievements in aviation would never have happened if analysts were completely in charge. Concorde. Comet. Possibly even the 747 (fathered by great romantics like Juan Trippe). The analysts’ mandate is to prevent misinvestment and promote profitable enterprises. That rules out an awful lot of good things.

The first time this hit me was on an A380 demo flight a few years ago. As an analyst, the very sight of the plane somehow signified financial waste, misplaced nationalism, and reckless imprudence. But entering the plane, it was hard not to be impressed. As Oscar Wilde said, nothing succeeds like excess. This was one beautiful interior. The flight itself reminded me of how grand travel can be (and I was back in cattle class). If analysts were completely in charge, this impressive machine wouldn’t have been built.

Don’t get me wrong. I still think the A380 was a bad idea. But that way of thinking is tough to reconcile with my fondness for aircraft. All of my historical favorites — the curious but intriguing Trident, the impossibly beautiful Caravelle, the technologically precocious L-1011 — had one thing in common. They cost people a lot of money and left a trail of write-offs and layoffs in their wake. If we analysts had been in charge a history buff like me would have a bookshelf lined with about ten books, each describing a bland and homogenous series of money making commodity jets.

The damage done by analysts is even clearer on the military side of the business. Many great fighters wouldn´t have happened if analysts were in charge. When Robert McNamara took charge at DoD in 1961, one of his highest priorities was to halt the proliferation of combat aircraft programs and replace them all with the TFX (later the F-111), the first major program created by (and arguably for) analysts. Fighter pilots, the ultimate romantics, have been pushing for a return to “pure” fighters ever since. You can see this played out today as the quintessential analyst´s aircraft, the F-35, displaces the quintessential romantic´s aircraft, the F-22. And if some hardcore analysts had their way, the F-22 budget would be diverted straight to UAVs. If that happened, you would hear the sound of romantic hearts breaking everywhere.

Boeing’s 787 fiasco is the most recent example of how analysts can do as much harm as good. The discipline of the market ensured that Boeing, unlike Airbus with its A380, made only smart product launch decisions. The 787 came with a brilliant business plan that guaranteed strong sales, strong pricing, and strong profits. That pleased analysts. But the same discipline induced Boeing to do something shortsighted with their in-house engineering capabilities. Analysts loved the idea of outsourcing enormous volumes of design work to industrial partners, offloading costs and risk. But neglecting tribal knowledge to provide better investment leverage and returns was, in retrospect, a really bad idea. (By the way, if you think the fourth 787 schedule is any more believable than the first, please send me ,000 and I’ll triple your money in a week. You can trust me, too.)

I’m not abandoning my viewpoint and position as an analyst (although I am a closet romantic). But it would be great to reconcile the analyst and romantic viewpoints, and find a balance. Returning to the vile subject that began this letter — Eclipse — I think about the jobless workers who find themselves looking for employment in the midst of an economic crisis, and how that could have been prevented if analysts were in charge. But Warren Buffett, the ultimate analyst, the echt-analyst, once joked that airlines have been such bad investments that someone should have saved the world a lot of money and shot down Orville and Wilbur Wright before they pioneered manned flight. You know what? If that kind of analytical thinking had prevailed, I would not have my job…as an analyst.



Yours, Until I Retire And Become A Romantic,
Richard Aboulafia
punkalouver is offline  
Old 21st Jan 2009, 13:48
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Now tell me then, Richard:

The A380 is an even better example. From a romantic’s perspective, this plane has it all — national pride.....

Which "nation" would that be, then ?

R
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Old 21st Jan 2009, 14:31
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Analysts

And, of course, analysts had absolutely zilch to do with the (continuing) financial crisis ...
axefurabz is offline  
Old 21st Jan 2009, 14:35
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analysts
Should be securely fastened to their own couch
............................................................ ..............................................
For a very long time.
Till the bovine quadrupeds return to the barn ?
IMHO
Be lucky
David
The AvgasDinosaur is offline  
Old 22nd Jan 2009, 08:45
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What drivel...who is this man???!!

First of all, the word you are looking for is 'obsessive' not 'obsessor'.

Most of the great achievements in aviation would never have happened if analysts were completely in charge. Concorde. Comet.
This gem proves your theory, not disproves it - Concorde and Comet were both made by 'romantics' but were catastrophically uneconomic. Neither were 'great achievements' but total white elephants. The 747 happened because of Juan Trippe's vision - but it was the vision of an analyst not a romantic. He could see that the aircraft would make him a ton of money...
oldlag53 is offline  
Old 24th Jan 2009, 11:39
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Concorde and Comet were both made by 'romantics'
How does that work...one designer sketches say a concorde shape and says to another .."looks lovely..lets built it"

Both designs were commercial failures I agree though the Comet, I think, would have been a success but for its structural problems....
Brewster Buffalo is offline  
Old 25th Jan 2009, 02:05
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In any society analysts ( my job ) and romantics ( my outside work ) are not extremes and never were. There are engineers with an aesthetic eye and we should beware of long winded people with no imagination pigeon holing people into false classifications that do not reflect reality.

If there were no analysts or there were no romantics life would be immeasurably poorer. Viva la difference and just get on with it.....
Skipness One Echo is offline  
Old 26th Jan 2009, 01:51
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Mr. Aboulafia

I agree in part re: Concorde, Comet. Overambitious expectations with extrapolated technology. The Concorde was never "practical"; it was sold that way. The Comet failed with outdated technology and an unfounded belief in luck.

A proven platform is the best "gamble", until one exceeds practical limits. (A380) Hard to keep 600pax waiting between "flights". "Friction-Stir" welding- Eclipse.

Romance enough in breaking ground and making money. Did that. You must read BOYD by Robert Coram. The father of the F-15 and -16. He broke the Pentagon's back, and made McNamara the fool (not difficult). Enjoyed your essay immensely.

AF
 

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