From first slot:
"... to propose ... a selection process ... list of what we expect any pilot to bring ... captaincy. ... looking for ... definition or description of ... "the right attitude" ... the right risk assessment ..."
Summer of 1966, CAB's investigators released their AAR on the high sink-rate Landing mishap (fatal) at SLC, of UA227 / 11Nov65
"C.A.B. ASKS STUDY OF PILOTS' ABILITY," By EDWARD HUDSON; _New York Times
_, Jun 13, 1966, pg. 65.
From the CAB's AAR on that B727 mishap, AAR pages 11+,
"... The captain in this case did demonstrate to the satisfaction of the examining company check pilot and an FAA inspector that he possessed the knowledge and the ability to serve in the capacity of pilot-in-command in the B727.AAR pg 15, "Recommendations":
"However, the responsibility and authority which the pilot-in-command has for the operation of a transport airplane also requires the exercise of sound judgment. Fulfillment of the pilot-in-command responsibility demands self-discipline in adherence to tested and approved procedures. In this instance the captain did not follow the approved procedure with regard to rate of descent during the landing approach to the Salt Lake City Airport.
"The training records of this captain indicated a pattern of below average judgment, as well as a tendency to deviate from standard operating procedures and practices. Indeed, it is significant that in this case the history not only reflects an apparent indifference toward adhering to acceptable procedures and tolerances in general, but specifically during the landing ... approach ...
"The aeronautical knowledge and skill levels required for an airline transport pilot may be determined through testing, but the less tangible aspects of mature judgement may not be so readily measured or determined. Pilot-in-command aptitude should be evaluated through supervisory observation of piloting performance in the carrier's day to day operation. Safety in air transportation requires the air carrier to identify those pilots in need of more training ... and particularly to identify those pilots who are marginal or who have demonstrated a failure to adhere to proven procedures and reasign them to duties compatible with their capabilities and limitations."
#1 "The Board is concerned that the procedures for pilot testing prevailing at the time of this accident were such that an individual with the pilot behavioral characteristics of the pilot in this case could qualify and be retained as pilot-in-command of a B-727 aircraft. The Board therefore recommends that both the Federal Aviation Agency and the air carriers reexamine existing procedures to the end that all feasible steps may be taken to make sure that airmen who serve as pilots-in-command of commercial aircraft, and in particular high-speed jet aircraft such as the B-727, possess not only the requisite technical skills, but the necessary qualities of prudence, judgment and care as well."
= = = / / = = =
From DoT's IG web site:
DOT - Aviation Safety | Office of Inspector General
New Approaches Are Needed to Strengthen FAA Oversight of Air Carrier Training Programs and Pilot Performance
December 20, 2011
Project ID: AV-2012-027
IG's Rpt, pg 13, Conclusions:
"FAA’s 2009 Call to Action Plan was an immediate and focused measure to improve airline safety. While air carriers have responded to the plan’s initiatives to identify and implement safety improvements impacting pilot performance, FAA has yet to provide the level of oversight needed to identify and track poor performing pilots and ensure air carriers have the information needed to hire qualified pilots...." Online Digital Special Collections Library
CAA RESEARCH REPORTS
TITLE "A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF CERTAIN PREDICTORS OF SUCCESS IN CIVILIAN PILOT TRAINING"
FILE # 7
AUTHOR E. LOWELL KELLY, E. EWART
Conclusions [last page], #4.
"C.A.A. inspectors' grades on the flight test show low correlations with instructors' ratings of students at the end of the course, and with ratings a check pilot at the completion of the course. The data raise doubts as to the value of the C.A.A. Flight Test which now requires so much time and energy on the part of inspectors. Further checks as to the validity and reliability of these Flight Tests are needed."
?? "prudence, judgment and care" ??
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