I'm not quite sure the logic behind these licences that relax medical requirements.
I'm not sure - when all is said and done - that a 2 ton aircraft leaves any less mess than a 7 ton aircraft. Therefore isn't it logical to either bin the normal medical requirements or bin the reduced licence?
rotorfan "Instincts in airplane flying have no place in helis." I agree with most of what you wrote, but not that. Learning to fly in a fixed-wing first gives "bird sense" at a much cheaper cost than in helis. Many folk have done this, including me without confusing the different control inputs in emergency situations like engine failures.
If someone can't remember which kind of flying machine he's in and first shoves the nose down in a helicopter instead of lowering the lever when the engine quits, then perhaps he shouldn't even be in control of a shopping trolley.
Likewise, I never heard of anyone trying to hover a light airplane when coming in for a landing. Possibly the absence of whirling rotors plus the sound of reducing wind noise as a fixed-wing machine slows down would remind someone that the stall is approaching.
For most phases of flight the stick and rudder pedals in an airplane and in a helicopter are designed to be operated in the same sense, so I'm not quite sure where you're coming from. Throttle and collective are so different as to be near-impossible to confuse.
Camp Freddie stated that 50 to 60 hours are needed in reality to gain a licence and he's spot-on correct. I'm not suggesting that some flying in a fixed-wing would necessarily save time or money; only that it's useful for gaining bird-sense and it doesn't impart additional risk for careful people.
I agree with most of what you wrote, but not that. Learning to fly in a fixed-wing first gives "bird sense" at a much cheaper cost than in helis.
I might agree with that, but I'm not familiar with the phrase "bird sense". Of course FW costs are lower, but does that necessarily make it a better value? For those of us that like to fly both, I bet it's easier for a RW pilot to transition to airplanes than a FW pilot to learn helis.
Many folk have done this, including me without confusing the different control inputs in emergency situations like engine failures.
I, too, have done this, as stated in the first post. I also stated I was referring to training in an R22. Of course, other 2-blade ships could also be susceptible to push-overs, too, but most initial civil training done in a 2-blade would have to be the R22, I would think. For a FW pilot learning to fly in a 300, the consequences would be less if airplane instincts led to a quick stick push.
For most phases of flight the stick and rudder pedals in an airplane and in a helicopter are designed to be operated in the same sense, so I'm not quite sure where you're coming from.
Simply that the risk to a plank pilot learning to fly rotors is higher than someone that has no flying habits at all and is learning everything in the heli. A good student will learn proper control techniques and disregard ingrained techniques from FW flying. But, not everyone learns equally. I was merely trying to point out to someone who has not yet started their training, and asking about reduced training hours, that being a great airplane pilot doesn't necessarily make it easier to learn rotary, and could possibly be a hindrance early in the training program. When I think of instincts, I'm thinking of those things we learn to do with hardly a thought, usually because quick responses are necessary. There are accident reports that suggest an airplane pilot may have done something deadly wrong in the heli.
Throttle and collective are so different as to be near-impossible to confuse.
True. But, that throttle usage isn't so hard to confuse for motorcyclists.
I also agree with Freddie. 40 hours is already a bit on the short side. I can't imagine accepting even less for RW training.
Rotarywise, the FAA Recreational certificate sounds far more limiting. One pax, below 10,000 ft, but 50 miles max from takeoff. There are plenty of places in the US where there wouldn't be another airport within that 50 NM radius. Probably why few have ever earned the Rec. The Sport Pilot cert is more useful, I think, but no rotary flight under either.
rotorfan A definition of "bird sense" is something which never occurred to me. Many years ago a widely-respected instructor used it and I just adopted the phrase as being something self-evident.
Looking it up on Google drew a blank, so I'll have a go at forming a definition:
Bird sense amongst aircraft pilots is having familiarity with the flight environment and appreciating the vicissitudes of the atmosphere, as well as being able to deal safely with the predictable and unpredictable actions of other users around you.
Bird sense is a level of awareness beyond knowing the rules of normal airmanship. It embraces being familiar with the physical sensations of flight including accelerations due to turbulence and gravity, as well as appreciating the significance of sounds of air flowing around an aircraft.
Bird sense becomes ingrained when a pilot feels that the aircraft is an extension of the body, rather than just a machine in which to sit as a passenger.
Anyone else want to improve on this first attempt at defining bird sense?
Habits are great when they are the correct ones which is what training is supposed to achieve, but inappropriate ones can be very difficult to change. The two areas that I have noticed when fixed wing pilots transition to helicopters are: 1/ Pushing the nose down on simulated power failures. 2/ Pulling back on on the stick when descending from the hover to land. 3/ Marked reluctance to level the skids on EOL's. The habit of holding off with the stick is deeply ingrained in the flurry of action at the bottom of an EOL.
Well done. I suspected that's what you meant by "bird sense", but I hate to assume. Plenty easy for me to be wrong. Yes, I would agree that flying a plank, even an unpowered one, would help with bird sense. There are things about being in the air, and interacting with nature and other pilots, that would be similar with little regard to the aircraft in use.
I never came close to a quick push-over when training in the R22, but I had done a lot of reading, and was acutely aware of the potential consequences of that. It took much discipline for me to always keep that in mind. I'm not saying that I'm smarter than any other FW driver transitioning to RW, but I suspect there may be others that aren't as aware.
My primary instructor was a brand new 200-hr CFI, with no time in FW. He had no idea that he had a potential problem sitting next to him in the cockpit. He was paired with me, as I knew the airspace/airports of our city, and we could learn from each other. When I look back, I recall doing turns in the pattern (circuit) and putting in pedal, a rudder input in a FW during aileron application. I can see that today as an airplane habit, but didn't recognize it at the time. He also would give me grief for "burning it in" on final. I'd fly a steady 60 knots with most of the decel near the bottom, to stay out of the "avoid" on the H/V. It was a comfortable sight picture for a FW driver, but a technique I had to relearn in the heli. That's why I say an airplane pilot can bring "bad" habits when learning RW flying.
Quote "True. But, that throttle usage isn't so hard to confuse for motorcyclists."
That old chestnut again. Obviously only ever spouted by NON Motorcyclists.
As a motorcyclist and rotory pilot I fail to see how they could be confused.
I have NEVER come across a motorbike where the throttle is used by the left hand. All motorcycles have the throttle on the right.
All Helicopters have the collective on the left (i.e. used by the left hand).
Good luck trying to ride a motorbike with your arms crossed to operate the twist grip with your left hand. You'd probably get about as far as you would crossing your arms in a Robbo to operate the cyclic and throttle with your right hand. Although I have heard (possibly an old wives tale) of some instructors in a Robbo sat on the left operating the centre collective with their right hand, and cyclic with the left, don't know how many have survived though. And definitely not something you would do without practise and therefore unlikely to think you are on a motorbike.
As a motorcyclist and rotory pilot I fail to see how they could be confused.
Didn't know it was an old chestnut, merely my experience. Maybe you were just a better student than I was, Eddie, so didn't make mistakes. I did it ONCE, early in my training. At that time, I had only been riding motorcycles for 27 years, versus a few hours in a helicopter. I don't think the left or right hand had anything to do with it. As you say, I've never seen the throttle on the left side of the 'bars. But, the motion of rolling the wrist is the same, I just did it the wrong way. Don't know whether the instructor or I was more shocked. It took a fraction of a second to correct, as it wasn't hard to recognize.
Exactly. Apart from the fact that the LAPL(H) is sub ICAO and therefore only valid in Europe, it will serve the needs of the majority of non commercial pilots. The only good thing that has come out of EASA to date!